Transmission of Lyme

Hard-bodied ticks of the genus Ixodes are the primary vectors of Lyme disease. The majority of infections are caused by ticks in the nymph stage, since adult ticks are more easily detected and removed as a consequence of their relatively large size.

In Europe, the sheep tick, castor bean tick, or European castor bean tick (Ixodes ricinus) is the transmitter.

In North America, the black-legged tick or deer tick (Ixodes scapularis) has been identified as the key to the disease’s spread on the east coast. Only about 20% of persons infected with Lyme disease by the deer tick are aware of having had any tick bite, making early detection difficult in the absence of a rash. Tick bites often go unnoticed because of the small size of the tick in its nymphal stage, as well as tick secretions that prevent the host from feeling any itch or pain from the bite. The lone star tick (Amblyomma americanum), which is found throughout the southeastern U.S. as far west as Texas, has been ruled out as a vector of the Lyme disease spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi, though it may be implicated with a clinical syndrome southern tick associated rash illness (STARI), which resembles the skin lesions of Lyme disease.

On the west coast, the primary vector is the western black-legged tick (Ixodes pacificus). The tendency of this tick species to feed predominantly on host species that are resistant to Borrelia infection appears to diminish transmission of Lyme disease in the West.

While Lyme spirochetes have been found in insects other than ticks, reports of actual infectious transmission appear to be rare. Sexual transmission has been anecdotally reported; Lyme spirochetes have been found in semen and breast milk, however transmission of the spirochete by these routes is not known to occur.

Congenital transmission of Lyme disease can occur from an infected mother to fetus through the placenta during pregnancy, however prompt antibiotic treatment appears to prevent fetal harm.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Ixodes_scapularis.png

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
 

3 Responses

  1. This is a very in depth and great Lyme website. Your story is very similar to mine. Went to oodles of doctors in 1.5 years. Funny I didnt even consider the seizures I had as a child. Maybe I did but brain fog got in the way. Anyway, my son and I are doing much better now with an very intense protocol. Would love to keep in touch with your treatments and other Lyme patients.

    • Not sure if I responded to your comment or not by email, if I haven’t at all I’m truly sorry. My brain has been all over the place lately since the Hubby and I were going through IVF via Surrogate. Its been a great experience, but very hectic and overwhelming especially during treatment. Thank you so much for your compliment, I really appreciate that:-) I try to keep up with it as best as I can, and as updates change. Yes my Mom and I never had considered the seizures to be part of lyme as well. I mean years ago they didn’t know as much about lyme so that might of been half the problem, although to me if a patient has one seizure and only one you would think that might be more of a red flag. I actually do have several friends that still have issues with their seizures specifically when herxing, I have not ever experienced that symptom again. Although I did experience something similar. I’m glad to hear that you and your son are doing much better now. Please let me know how you both are if you get this! Would love to stay in touch. Many blessings of better health to you both.

      P.S. You can find many other lyme patients on facebook and twitter. You would not believe how many of us there are on these social networks. All having the same goal. Spreading the word and helping each other.

  2. Sexual transmission according to many LLMDs is very real. The German’s also have found transmission from mosquitos.

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